Kitchen cutting boards are usually found made of wood, plastic, or bamboo. A kitchen cutting board needs to provide an excellent surface to cut foods, not dull knives, be easily sanitized, and not provide cross contamination during food preparation. Glass, marble, stainless steel, or any other very hard surface will dull knives rather quickly. It is a good practice to have several cutting boards of various sizes to avoid cross contamination. Cut meats on one board and vegetables on another. Germs from the raw meat will not contaminate fresh veggies for a salad or other cold dishes.
When it comes to the 3 main cutting board materials, much depends on price and aesthetics.
Wood has been the main cutting board material for a very long time. It can be stylish, though heavy. Maple, Cherry, and Walnut are the three usual wood types.
Plastic cutting boards offer an inexpensive and colorful way to provide a sanitary cutting surface.
Eco-friendly and stylish, bamboo cutting boards rival the appearance of wood cutting boards and are 16% harder than maple.